Backing up the structure of MySQL databases
Today I wanted a quick and easy way to generate a backup of the structure of all MySQL databases in one easy hit. Here’s a couple of ways you can do this with the tools you’re likely to find everywhere.
Firstly, we can use the following query to generate a list of mysqldump commands. The backups generated here pretty much just contain tables, triggers and functions so customise the command to your needs. Just change the output directory from ./home/rhys.
SELECT CONCAT('mysqldump -d --routines -h mysql_host -u username -pSecret ', SCHEMA_NAME, ' > "/home/rhys/Desktop/', SCHEMA_NAME, '.sql"') FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.SCHEMATA WHERE SCHEMA_NAME NOT IN ('mysql', 'information_schema', 'performance_schema');
These commands can be copied and then pasted into a terminal to be executed.
Here’s a pure bash way of achieving the same thing. The script is called on the command line with the MySQL host, user name and password supplied as parameters. Backups are generated in the current users home directory in the format db_name.sql.
#!/bin/bash # MySQL details passed on command line HOST=$1 USER=$2; PWD=$3; # Query to get database excluding a few system ones QUERY="SELECT SCHEMA_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.SCHEMATA WHERE SCHEMA_NAME NOT IN ('mysql','information_schema','performance_schema')"; # Run the query and get the results results=`mysql -h $HOST -u $USER -p$PWD -N -e "$QUERY"`; # Loop through each row for db in $results do bkp="mysqldump -d --routines -h $HOST -u $USER -p$PWD $db > '$HOME/$db.sql'"; echo "Backing up $db..."; eval $bkp; done
Save this to a file called backup_mysql.sh and don;t forget to do a chmod + x to make the script executable. The backup can be executed from the command line with;
./backup_mysql.sh localhost username password